Category: Hieroglyps for Kids

Ancient Egyptian Valentines

love in ancient egypt

With valentines day coming up, you might be looking for a really unique (but affordable!) way to impress someone. Here are some different ideas inspired by ancient Egypt which you can make or buy today! We absolutely guarantee your valentine will not have received any of these before!

Click to download free cheat sheet!

 

Write your partners’ name in hieroglyphs

Difficulty: Super easy

Instructions: Use our translator to transliterate your partner’s name – write this on an envelope, gift tag or in your card to make an ordinary item much more interesting!

Egyptian pharaohs wrote their names in a cartouche – you might want to do this too – learn more here!

 

Make a Hieroglyphic card

Difficulty: Quite easy

Instructions: Instead of just writing the name, you could make or write your entire card in hieroglyphs! Not much good at drawing? Print this page, and trace the hieroglyphs from below.

Here’s some useful words you might want to use :

English Middle Egyptian Hieroglyphic
Beer hket
Beautiful / Happy Nefer
Eternity / Forever Djet
Body khet
exist kheper
face her
I, Me wi   i,me_hieroglyph
You (masculine) tchu you(m)_hieroglyph
You (feminine) tchen you(f)_hieroglyph
We, us n we,us_hieroglyph
Love merwt love_hieroglyph
Love (verb) mer love_verb_hieroglyph
Wine Irep

 

Staedtler Triplus Fineliner 334 Superfine Point Pens, 0.3 mm - Assorted Colours, Pack of 36
  • Fineliner with superfine and metal-clad tip

  • Dry Safe - can be left uncapped for days without drying up

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Dempsey Designs Card Making for All Occasions Kit
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  • Personalise your cards using the coloured cards, wire, gold stars & gel pen and create great designs

  • Great instructions to get perfect results every time

  • Includes pre cut & folded cards, papers, envelopes and star sequins

  • Learn the art of decorative card making

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Make a papyrus!

Difficulty: Medium

Instructions: first get yourself some papyrus (cheap links below – yes, its genuine papyrus!) We absolutely guarantee your valentine will have never received a papyrus!

With papyrus in hand, you could either write a message or (if you’re feeling creative) why not go for an Egyptian style artwork? Many original papyri have colorful drawings with hieroglyphs used for names or important messages, which make clear the events shown in the picture. The pictures will give you some ideas for style an layout! It was common to show the couple seated, perhaps enjoying an activity or family time, with brief messages or names in hieroglyphs worked into the image.

Egyptian Art showing figures hand in hand

Egyptian Art showing figures hand in hand

 

 

A couple playing senet

A couple playing the popular game, senet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pharaoh Tutankhamun and his wife Ankhesenamun

Pharaoh Tutankhamun and his wife Ankhesenamun

Papyrus showing couple seated together

Papyrus showing couple seated together

 

 


Write on a papyrus scroll - with wooden rods - Forum Traiani - real papyrus leaves from Egypt - small gift coupon - Weddingscroll gift for invitations or wedding decoration - Papyri wedding card made of papyrus plants
  • High quality scroll made from real premium papyrus 100 x 30 cm according to ancient original models of the Romans, Greek and Egyptians.

  • 2 wooden rods made from durable beech wood, non-dyed, just natural wood.

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10 SHEETS EGYPTIAN PAPYRUS PAPER & HIEROGLYPHICS INFO
10 sheets of original PAPYRUS PAPER 330mm X 230mm
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How about some Historical (but affordable) Jewelry?

The ancient Egyptians certainly appreciated the finer things in life – jewelry was as for them then as it is for us today! For the rich, there was gold, silver and precious stones – Some of the more prized and favored stones were lapis lazuli, turquoise, garnet, carnelian, obsidian and rock crystal. Ordinary people went for imitation stones and copper based items. A popular material, faience, was made of ground quartz mixed with a colorant that was heated and molded to imitate more expensive natural stones.

Popular among all classes were amulets, which were often incorporated into Egyptian jewelry or worn as independent pieces. Amulets are charms or talismans believed to either protect the wearer or infuse him or her with power, protection, luck and so on. Egyptian amulets were carved into various forms and shapes, such as animals, humans, gods and symbols. The amulets were equally important protectors of the living as they were armor of the dead.

 

The Scarab

The scarab beetle was a universal sign of good luck – it was belied to convey courage and the protection of the gods. Giving small scarab beetles, often made of faience were frequently given as gifts. Some were even inscribed with messages or images of deities and given for special occasions, such as a marriage or pregnancy.

Scarab for Courage and Protection - Amulet Necklace - Jewels of Atum-Ra - Ancient Egypt Collection
  • Beginning in the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, memorialising scarabs became common.

  • They were often incorporated into tombs, as grave goods, or given as gifts.

  • The Scarab was sacred to all Egyptian Sun Gods, the scarab amulet provided the wearer with both the protection of the sun and its' creative life-force.

  • Size 30 x 20mm / 1 1/4" x 1"

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The Ankh

The ankh symbolised life – the ankh, when used as a hieroglyph literally meant “life”.  The popularity of the ankh in ancient Egyptian life is evident in the numerous and varied types of everyday objects which were shaped in the form of the ankh. In Tutankhamun’s tomb, a gilded mirror case was found in the shape of the ankh, many of the gods were pictured holding and ankh and they were certainly popular gifts to give!

Ankh for Health Prosperity and Long Life - Amulet Necklace - Jewels of Atum-Ra - Ancient Egypt Collection - Matching Earrings Available
  • The Ankh is probably the most well known ancient Egyptian amulet and is found in many tombs and sarcophagi and illuminations.

  • This Ankh amulet is beautifully detailed and finished in gold and silver, set with a lovely blue crystal.

  • Jewels of Atum-Ra

  • Jewellery

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Bast

Bast, the cat goddess was associated with health, happiness and love. Cats were highly respected in ancient egypt – not least because they were incredibly useful for controlling mice, rats and even snakes! Because domestic cats tend to be tender and protective of their offspring, Bastet was also regarded as a good mother, and she was sometimes depicted with numerous kittens. Consequently, a woman who wanted children sometimes wore an amulet showing the goddess with kittens, the number of which indicated her own desired number of children.

Bast for Love and Happiness - Amulet Necklace - Jewels of Atum-Ra - Ancient Egypt Collection
  • Figures of cats were offered to the sun goddess Bast at her temple at Bubastis to receive her blessings as mistress of music, dance, pleasure and love.

  • Jewels of Atum-Ra

  • Jewellery

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Something a little more modern?

Ultimate Treasures of Egypt Charm Bracelet by The Bradford Exchange
  • Ancient Egypt-inspired bracelet features 16 handcrafted charms incorporating authentic Egyptian symbolism, including The Eye of Horus, the Face of Nefertiti, and the Winged Isis

  • Fit for a Queen! Each charm on this opulent women's bracelet features 18-carat gold-plating, making you feel like a queen whenever you wear it

  • Genuine Swarovski crystals add more sparkle and elegance to the already luxurious charms on this bracelet

  • Vibrant enamel inlays recall the colourful splendour of the Pharaonic Age and bring each charm to life in a burst of colour

  • Bracelet is adjustable up to 9.055 inches (23 cm) in length

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Beer and Wine!

Difficulty: Painting and decorating, medium – drinking, very easy.

The ancient Egyptians were HUGE beer and wine fans – they got through loads of the stuff, so that there were even festivals entirely devoted to getting so drunk one

Example of an amphora

Example of a decorated amphora

passed out… The ancient Egyptians made and consumed red and white wine (irep) Throughout Egypt there are many tomb paintings illustrating the gathering and pressing of grapes and making them into wine.

The Egyptians usually stored and served their wine from vessels known as Amphorae.  Amphorae vessels were frequently inscribed on the shoulder or have stamps or mud seals. Often the inscription would have the King’s name, the particular variety of wine, its vineyard, the vintner and the and the wine’s owner. For a unique gift you can buy and decorate you own Amphora!

Popular scenes involved couples drinking, armies heading off to war or animal motifs – but you can add anything you like – find the hieroglyphs for beer and wine in the table above.

 

7L Clay Amphora, Urn, Pot for Water Purification, Detox, Conditioning and Energizing with Cork Bung
  • Ideal for purifying water at work, or at home. Pets and plants love this fresh water too. Removes the chemical taste of tap water. The porous body of the pot attracts toxins in the water and draws them through the body of the pot into the basin below. Drink the purified water from inside the pot.

  • The circular egg-like shape of the pot allows the water to move in curves and spirals. This is how water moves and is purified in nature. Allowing water to move in this way encourages smaller molecule cluster sizes, and this action makes the water from this pot seem more hydrating than tap water - which has been delivered along straight runs of piping.

  • You will notice when you drink water which has been conditioned in this pot, that it spreads more over the mouth than tap water, giving a fresher feel to the mouth and a more refreshing effect - probably the effect of smaller clusters of water molecules.

  • The water is cooled due to the evapouration across the body of the pot, working like a mini-refrigerator. The hotter and drier the weather, the more the pot cools the water compared to the surrounding air temperature.

  • Comes with cork bung, to prevent insect and dust getting into your drinking water. Easy to use, no expensive replacement filters and economical. A pot, if properly cared for can last for years. Fits on top of the kitchen work surface.

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Butterme Metallic Marker Pens,Set of 10 Colors for Card Making/DIY Photo Album/Use on Any Surface-paper/Glass/Plastic/Pottery
  • Size:16.5 x 0.1 cm/6.49 x 0.04 inch

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  • Pack of 10 markers of different colors

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How about some alternative flowers?

While many people today think of Egypt primarily as a dry, its important to remember that the vast majority of Egyptian settlements in antiquity (As today) are located along the Nile river, in a band of rich soil and diverse flora and fauna. The Egyptians were, in fact, big flower givers, using them for all the same occasions as today, birthdays, weddings, funerals, and as a token of love an affection.  This year, why not skip the roses, and go for something with an interesting back-story?  At festivals, women frequently adorned their hair with lotus flowers and on some special occasions, men did as well.

Water Lillies

Hows that for different? For the Egyptians, water lillies had particular significance – they open in the morning and close again at night. This was probably the reason that the ancient Egyptians saw in them an image of rebirth and regeneration, important concepts in their religion. It was incredibly popular to give water lillies, with some of the first every bouquets being made of papyrus and lilies!  There was even a yearly “feast of the lotus” – During this feast, every one was supposed to hold a silver pot, shaped like a lotus with a burning candle in its middle. Then, everyone was supposed to head for the Nile, with the pot in his hand and an overwhelming dream in his heart. According to the old myth, it was believed that if the burning candle continued floating on the surface of water, the dream would come true.

Go for a water lilly for something totally different

1 Bareroot Pot Luck Lilly ...
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  • Naturally grown no lights or nutrients added

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Or get the silver pot, and have your own dream ceremony..

XIDUOBAO Lotus Flower Incense Burner Alloy Metal Buddha Incense Burner Holder Candle Holder Censer- Buddhist Decor,Home Decoration. (Large)
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Top 5 Myths about Hieroglyphs

Hatshepsut, the first female Pharaoh

Almost since the art of writing hieroglyphs was lost myths and rumors about their usage and purpose have been circulating – many of these have only recently been disproved!  Today lets take a look at some of the most common myths about Hieroglyphics.

They’re Pictograms.

Almost since the study of hieroglyphics began there was the assumption that the symbols were pictographic – that is to say, they were pictures of the things they represent. In fact, each hieroglyph has a sound value associated with it just as we have in western languages today.

 

So they’re not Pictograms?

Well, sometimes they are. Hieroglyphs can, in fact, be used as ideograms, phonograms and as determinatives. When used as an ideogram, they represent the thing they show, so in this instance they are pictographic. However, when used as a phonogram, they instead represent a sound – when used as a determinative they instead help to convey the meaning of a preceding word.

While this seems quite confusing, It makes a lot more sense once you start reading!

You can read more about this here.

 

There are only a small number of glyphs

This assumption which was also fairly widespread until the language was fully understood is understandable, given that many hieroglyphic inscription’s use similar symbols. In fact, we now know that there are over 700 individual hieroglyphs.

 

Hieroglyphs belong on temple walls  for spells and prayers.

While the above notion isn’t wrong – we do find a great number of hieroglyphs on temple walls, and they certainly were used for spells and prayers, they were used far more widely than that! We find evidence of hieroglyphs being used to record all sorts of information, from military records to tax receipts and even to tell personal stories.

Hieroglyphs, and their shorthand version hieratic script were also frequently written on papyrus sheets, which were far easier to transport than stone tablets! Glyphs also decorate many pieces of ancient Egyptian art, some pottery and personal possessions.

 

All Egyptians could read hieroglyphs

While this is a pleasant notion, it’s likely that only a few well educated individuals could read and write hieroglyphs. Like most ancient civilisations, the majority of ancient Egypt’s citizens were probably illiterate. However, they could follow along with important stories and teachings via the colorful wall paintings and sculptures which depicted so many of the key events from Egyptian history.

That being said, most people could probably have understood at least some of the glyphs, since their meaning is very clear when used pictographically.

Most of the writing and reading of hieroglyphs was done either by the priesthood, or by overseers and professional scribes. While this isn’t the level of literacy we expect today, it was still a vast improvement on societies who depended purely on word of mouth and storytelling to record their history.

Hieroglyphics timeline

King Tutankhamen depicted on his tomb wall

Hieroglyphs have an interesting and rich history all of their own. From the first symbols appearing over 5,000 years ago, right through to discoveries which we are still making even today!

 

What are Hieroglyphs?

Egyptian Hieroglyphs

Hieroglyphs are a type of picture writing.    A picture of a duck can mean “duck,” or it could also mean “son.” To make clear its meaning, other pictures or signs were added. For example, if the picture was meant to depict a duck, a bird hieroglyph was added to the duck hieroglyph. A Quicker form of writing for everyday use, known as hieratic, evolved in the Old Kingdom.

Hieratic writing consisted of cursive hieroglyphs. The abbreviated pictures or groups of strokes and dots looked very different from the original hieroglyphs. By the seventh century BC. a third form of writing came into everyday use. It was a shortened version of hieratic known as demotic.

Since all forms of Egyptian did hot have signs to designate vowels, scholars have not determined with certainty what the written language of the ancient Egyptian sounded like when spoken – but we know quite a lot.

Resources for School

On this page you can find some of the best resources for studying ancient Egypt at school!

 

Activities

Ancient Egypt (Eyewitness Project Books)
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Egyptian Things to Make and Do
  • Emily Bone

  • Usborne Publishing Ltd

  • 34 pages

  • Paperback

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Egyptians
  • Educational

  • Board Games

  • History

  • Innovative Memory Game - Become an expert on all things Egyptian. Contents: 1 game board, 3 packs of cards, 4 wooden camel playing pieces, 4 pyramids, 1 die, 1 rules leaflet.

  • Become super Pharoh by collecting cards and entombing them in your pyramid

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Dig & Play - Egyptian Tomb
  • Unearth the ancient treasures buried in the mysterious Egyptian tomb

  • Excavate the tomb to discover artefacts and treasures

  • Learn about the mysteries of the ancient Egyptians

  • Game pieces for two to four players

  • Suitable for children aged eight and over

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Ancient Egypt Activity Pack - Colouring Activities & Games
  • The Egyptian Activity & Game Pack consists of four A3 size colouring sheets, six colouring pencils, a papyrus bookmark, a reproduction Egyptian coin, six coloured beads and an educational information sheet.

  • There is a colourful header card and all are held in a clear cellophane bag.

  • On the front of the cards are the images of the Gold Mask of Tutankhamen. Hieroglyphic Alphabet, Embalming the Pharaoh.

  • The educational information sheet has a number of Egyptian images on it and describes about the ancient Egyptians, hieroglyphics, wages and the cost of goods.

  • There is also a quiz and an Egyptian board games that uses the included coloured beads.

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Hands-on History! Ancient Egypt
  • Philip Steele

  • Armadillo Books

  • 64 pages

  • Hardcover

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Books

Ancient Egypt (Eyewitness)
  • DK

  • DK Children

  • 72 pages

  • Paperback

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Egypt (See Inside) (Usborne See Inside)
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100 Facts Ancient Egypt
  • Jane Walker

  • Miles Kelly Publishing Ltd

  • 48 pages

  • Paperback

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About Hieroglyphics

On this website, you will find an array of information about hieroglyphs – the ancient Egyptian form of writing. You’ll also find a translator and lessons to teach you how to read and write like an Egyptian!

As a common point of disambiguation, Hieroglyphs are the name give to the symbols used in ancient Egyptian script, Hieroglyphic is the name of the writing itself, and Hieroglyphics refers to the study of hieroglyphs – what we do here!

The hieroglyphic scripts (yes, there’s more than one!) are a truly fascinating subject and and much easier to learn than most people assume – just working through the material on this site will give you a great start. You’ll also find recommendations for the best resources to go further once you’ve gotten your feet wet!

Hieroglyphs or Hieroglyphics?

There is a great deal of misconception about the correct term for the ancient Egyptian symbols often referred to as hieroglyphics. In fact, the correct term is really ‘Hieroglyphs’. The birds, hands, feet and feathers which make up the carvings and paintings are ‘Hieroglyphs’ – Hieroglyphics is simply the adjectival form of the word.

On this site, we do tend to use the word ‘hieroglyphics’ – because that’s what most people tend to call the writing, and what they tend to search for on the internet. In practice, exactly what you say isn’t that important – but remember to say Hieroglyphs if you ever speak with an Egyptologist!

The word hieroglyph itself comes from Greek. When the Greeks entered Egypt around the late 4th century B.C., they saw the carvings on temple walls and called them, ‘sacred carvings’ – which makes sense. In Greek, ‘hiero’ means sacred and glyph means carvings.

Many terms in ancient Egyptian history were first named by the Greeks – a good number of the ancient Egyptian gods, for example, are known today by their Greek name.

The Egyptian Hieroglyphic alphabet

Hieroglyph Chart

The Ancient Egyptians had their own alphabet, which is a bit different to the one we use today!

Each Hieroglyph had a letter it could represent, as well as being a picture.

See if you can write your name in hieroglyphs!

 

Hieroglyph

Letter Represents
󳮮  A(1) A Egyptian vulture
󳼲  i i reed
󴪔  y y pair of strokes, river
󳛆  a a arm
󳰎  w w quail chick
󳛳  b b lower leg
󴑬  p p reed mat, stool
󳷝  f f horned viper
󳯑  m m owl
󴂿  n n ripple of water
󳚢  r r mouth
󴅤  h h reed shelter, enclosure
󴣺  H(1) H twisted wick, rope
󴫙  x x placenta
󳪱  x(1) X animal belly with udder or tail
󴇟  z z door bolt, lock
󴗛  s s folded cloth, linen
󴃉  S(1) S garden pool, basin
󴂫  q q slope of a hill
󴤆  k k basket with handle
󴦪  g g jar stand
󴨿  t t bun, bread
󴣔  T(1) T tethering rope
󳛐  d d hand
󳷡  D(1) D cobra
󴪛  W(1) W coil of rope
󴫴  M(1) M unknown (i̓m)
󴖤  N(1) N crown of Lower Egypt
󳝭  r R mouth, lips
󴘓 K head cover
󳣍  l l recumbent lion
󳼳  i-i i-i reeds, pair of

 

Hieroglyphics for kids

On this page you can find all our content written specifically for kids. Much of the information on the rest of the website is accessible and will be easy to read for KS3 onward.